Gabriele Cifani (Tor Vergata), Expansion and economy in Archaic Rome

The aim of this paper is to discuss the archaeological data of the long term strategies of territorial control carried out by Rome in the 6th-5th century BC and the economic patterns behind the rapid expansion of the city in Latium and southern Etruria.
Within such a framework, two historical theses will be tested.
1) The economic basis of the great urban transformation of Rome in the 6th century BC should be seen as the result of a new centralized exploitation of the resources of the territory, which was previously controlled by local aristocracies under the hegemony of the city.
2) The limited character of the early Roman colonization in the 5th century BC can be seen as the effect of the political aim to avoid huge land distributions, in order to preserve the political and economic privileges of the elites.