Eva Steigberger and René Ployer (Bundesdenkmalamt, Österreich), Noricum. Economic Factor Alps

The presentation deals with the cultural landscape of Noricum before and during the Roman Empire. Mining as a major economic factor changed the landscape significantly and makes it possible to discern large-scale structural pattern of trade towards the South and Italy and towards the North and the Limes. Wealth in a region with only small-scale agriculture had to come from other sources and the influx of money developed a need to luxury. The remains still visible in the landscape of the region combined with finds lead to an identification of those economic roots. The Archaeology Department of Austria’s Monuments Authority organized projects with new results towards the understanding of the economic factor Alps, that shall be presented and show, how iron, salt, marble and their trade defined the inner alpine region of Noricum for centuries.