Philip Bes (University of Leiden), Pergamon: Patterns of Diversification in the Pottery Production of Pergamon and its Micro-region
Pergamon and Pitane have long been known as places where, in Antiquity, the right combination of circumstances allowed the manufacture of pottery, particularly high quality slipped tablewares during the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial periods. More recently, this picture has been considerably expanded: research at both Pitane and Elaia have produced archaeological evidence also for later production. This new knowledge urges us to address several questions. Was, for instance, the region of Pergamon home to a number of individual workshops, or – perhaps more likely – did these workshops interacted with one another with regard to their organisation and output, both immaterially and materially: did these workshops operate contemporaneously, and to what degree did these share the shame or a similar morphological repertoire? And for whom did these cater? Even if ceramic products from Pergamon (and its micro-region?) may not have overwhelmed the international markets for slipped tablewares as ESA and ARSW exceptionally did, they did make a significant regional impact, as well as travelling far and wide in smaller numbers. With the new evidence at hand, a re-evaluation of pottery manufacture in the micro-region of Pergamon is in place, which shows signs of regional, dispersed manufacture. Such a model may have been the rule rather than the exception in a number of case studies. This paper wishes to address these questions, set within a wider framework of urban and regional economies.