Tamara Peñalver (Universitat de València), Lucentum: the decline of the city through its domestic architecture
Domestic spaces in the Roman world are microcosms, they reflect the transformations and changes that take place on a large scale in society, so they are valuable tools for analyzing the phenomenon of cities classified as "shooting stars." The various phases of a house, from its construction, reforms and abandonment (sudden or premeditated), are symptomatic of the state of the cities to which they belong.
Our aim with this communication is to analyze this phenomenon of the oppida labentia through a concrete case study, the domestic spaces from the municipium of Lucentum. Its domus show through its construction techniques, its decorations and its material culture, a total symbiosis with the evolution of the city.
In the second hand, we will try to deduce the flows of the population once the city declined. In our case, the decadence of Lucentum (at the end of the second century AD) occurs at the same time that a relative splendor of Ilici and of the Portus Ilicitanus, where has been found one of the most luxurious late-antique domus in the Valencian territory.
Regarding the villas, two phenomena occurred, while those suburban villas suffered the same fate as Lucentum, disappearing in the s. III AD (Calle Rómulo and Remo, Casa Ferrer, Balsa del Castillo); Other surrounding villas flourished (Algorós, Xauxelles, Els Banyets de la Reina), becoming centers of political and social life, between the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.